cPanel is a robust, open-source control panel designed for Linux based web hosting platforms. It offers a brilliant graphical interface and automation tools for effortless web hosting and websites management processes. If you are new to this platform, we have compiled a list of top five cPanel settings to begin with and help you safeguard your resources.
Tip#1: Setting a Strong Password
Every user should have a username and password to log in to the cPanel. The details are used for accessing the database, FTP account, and email address for system login. It can be used for accessing the server remotely as well. Modification of the login credentials is one of the important things that have to be done at the initial stage. Having a strong password will protect you from losing your resources and access to the server or allowing third parties to make use of your resources that is dangerous. However, avoid using too strong passwords that cannot be guessed easily.
If you want to set up a secure password, please follow these guidelines:
• Avoid using words out of the dictionary
• Avoid easily traceable words or digits, such as date of birth, phone number or vehicle registration number
• Use complex combination of alphabet, numbers and special characters
• Set your password with a minimum length of 8 characters
• Disable the option to remember the password in the browser
• Always keep changing your password for security purposes
Tip#2: Server Environment
You should have an understanding of the server environment in order to manage the server. It is important to know the server operating system, server architecture, and kernel version also the versions of the supporting applications on the server. Keep an understanding about the IP address and hosting package and its limitations. The cPanel interface lets you know this information in the front page and sidebars. The server should operate on the latest available version of the kernel and applications should be running on 64-bit architecture. You should pay attention to the Service status of the server because it is a critical part of server maintenance.
Tip#3: File Permission
You will get a default setting for the files and directories when you login for the first time. The directory called public_html is the important directory that should run with perfect permissions and ownership. You should know how the PHP is managed on the server side.
For checking the PHP status, you should create a phpifo page in the public html directory. Then you should access the page with the browser to check the API. If you are getting the value as CGI, then the PHP handler is suPHP. Because of the security verification most of the web hosting companies use suPHP.
Tip#4: Adding the Protection
The server administrator usually handles the responsibility of managing the protection and security of the server side. However, it should be a good practice to add some additional protection to the domain, website, and the cPanel account using the flexibility of the cPanel interface. Enabling the spam assassin will avoid receiving unwanted emails; by default, this feature is not enabled. Remove all the un-routed email address from the cPanel that has an error to the sender at SMTP (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simple_Mail_Transfer_Protocol) time. Please remember to avoid the options like a black hole or forwarding email address.
Hackers will take advantage of the feature for creating a DOS attack. Disable the front page if it is not in use. All the function should be disabled on the phpinfo page.
Tip#5: Notification and Monitoring
You should add a secondary email to the cPanel to receive notifications. The registered email address of the user will be the default email address and it will be the primary contact. Update the contact information by going into the preferences. Secondary email will serve as a backup in case of failure to the default email address.
All the information in this post is useful for the beginners as well as the users familiar with the cPanel and cPanel VPS . This information will help you to maintain the website and domain without any challenges.
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